HOME VEGETABLE GARDENING IS VERY REWARDING
Home vegetable gardening I am convinced is becoming a large part of American Society. You can container grow many vegetables in a tight area,you can grow your favorite vegetables in small spaces or you can have an elaborate garden with many varieties of vegetables. If it is not feasible for you to do any of the above than by all means visit a farmers market and purchase your fresh vegetables in that fashion.
The climate will dictate to you the the types of vegetables to grow in your area. The broad range of climates in the U.S.covers a dozen zones of temeperature range. For example you would never think of planting a tomato plant in a zone until all danger of frost is gone and this can be late as in the end of May.
Then you have other types in your home vegetable gardening like beans,broccoli,cauliflower and onions that will grow well in cooler climates. They can tolerate temperatures in the 50F-68F(10c-20c) and will withstand frost better than most. Then you have vegetables like cabbage,carrots,lettuce looking for temperatures in the 60F-75F(15c-25c). The vegetable plants like tomatoes,corn,eggplant and potatoes really like it hot.
I am going to cover the growing of many vegetables including how to plant the seed and or plant,the soil preparation for each vegetable and the actual timing and care of your plants in your home vegetable gardening.
HOME VEGETABLE GARDENING AND HOW TO GROW POTATOES.
To achieve a good crop of potatoes in home vegetable gardening, like those pictured above,it begins immediately with the purchase of your tubers. When it is inconvenient to plant these tubers or seedlings upon purchase it will be necessary to store them in a loose fashion in a cool and dark area that you can provide. Your first home gardening vegetable rule is to keep them in the same bag as purchased at your local outlet and put bag or bags into double paper bags and make sure they are closed. Then place them into a refrigerator in order to maintain the moisture contained in the tubers. You may,upon inspection, notice that some of the tubers have begun to sprout. You should not break or cut these sprouts since this will delay the growth of vines after planting in your garden. The ideal size of your tubers should be 1-3 ounces or about the size of an egg. A large potato is usually cut into pieces just prior to planting using a very clean and sharp knife. You can allow the cut tuber to heal over for a day before you actually plant. A word of caution here is not to allow the pieces to dry out. Its best to keep them in the shade either on a table or shallow boxes if available.
A gardener may want to use a fungicide to prevent the appearance of bacteria or fungus. If you in your home vegetable gardening,prefer organic gardening then you use powdered sulfur by placing a teaspoonful or maybe two in a large paper bag and tossing your cut potato pieces like "shake and "bake to cover them with the dust. However be gentle in your tossing so as not to bruise your tubers or seedlings.
A good deep soil preferably light and loose and with good moisture retentive properties are the best conditions for your potatoes. Fortunately,in the case of potatoes they can usually find a home in less than perfect soil and still produce a fine yield. A planting of your crop can be made two-four weeks prior to the last anticipated frost. If a frost occurs and burns the sprouts the tubers will produce more sprouts, however, if this happens more than once the final production will continue to grow smaller upon each occurrence. In the home vegetable gardening arena a gardener can have as little as two feet between rows. The important thing here is to dig a trench six to eight inches deep and plant your tubers ten to fourteen inches apart. The use of a rake will result in covering your seedlings a depth of three to four inches but under no circumstances fill the trench completely.
Hilling is a crucial factor in developing a large size potato and providing an abundant crop. The hilling should begin as soon as the stems are eight inches in height. This can be performed by gently hilling the stems from soil on both sides of the row using a hoe. You gain another advantage by doing this as you simultaneously weed your garden. One half of the vines or stems should remain exposed. You are done yet as another hilling will be required in two-three weeks and another as well in an addtional two weeks. These hillings only necessitate the adding of inch or two of soil to the hill.
The fertilizer should be applied until your potatoes are in full bloom. I would apply a foliar spray every two weeks with fish emulsion and or use a good liquid seaweed extract. It is recommended that the spray should be applied early in the morning while the foliage is still soaked with dew. This allows for good absorption by the foliage.It is not necessary to continue with fertilizing after the vines are in full bloom and in fact it coluld be harmful to the flavor of the potato in your home vegetable gardening.
Here is an interesting twist on the watering of your home vegetable gardening. A potato,unlike a tomato See growing tomatoes for all the information on the planting to harvest of your tomato crop has some definitve nutrition and quality attributes to accepting less of a yield. This occurs when the potatoes receive less the amount of water that could be used. They become less water laden and taste better. The skins become tougher which is of great advantage in storage. It is important to remember that if you are not going to irrgate or water frequently then the plants must be placed further apart than the ten to fourteen inches. The weeds must also be eliminated so there is no competition for soil mositure. This method should be used where less rainfall may assist in growth and it is undesirable to irrigate or water the crop frequently. This should be considered prior to any planting of your crop.
It would be inconsiderate of me not to give a special mention to zones eight through ten about the planting of this particular vegetable. In these zones if the potatoes is over winter,you will have a very early crop. Purchase some tubers or seedlings in the early fall and because these seedlings are newly removed from the soil will have difficulty sprouting.The first thing you must do is place them in a paper bag and place in the refrigerator for two-four weeks. After removing them from the refrigerator,place them boxes or flats only in one layer with the seed end on top. This is easily identified by closely reviewing your seedling or tuber one end is clearly visible as the end attached to the plant. The opposite end has a large quantity of eyes from which the sprouts will grow. This end of the potato is where your cluster of eyes are and should be the end facing upward. They should be placed in an area with bright shade and temperatures in the 70 degree range. This will assist in the development of excellent sprouts.This procedure should be performed a week to two weeks prior to planting.
The planting must take place between October and November after sprouts have emerged. Your location must include a good drainage area and especially where the climate is prone to extremely heavy winter rain. The tubers should be peaking out of the soil by January and good size vines should be in existence by March. The climate of course has a great deal of impact on the soil break through of your sprouts and subsequent growth. SEE SELECT BELOW FOR ADDITIONAL VEGETABLE REVIEW
THE ATTACK OF INSECTS AND PLANT DISEASES
There are two diseases detrimental to potato growth. One is a plant disease covered at concerning early blight and the impact on growing potatoes. The other is is a serious insect attack from a pest known as the Colorado Potato Beetle. The information is available by clicking on either above.
HOME VEGETABLE GARDENING AS A RAISED BED
A different approach to raising your home vegetable garden would be to utilize a raised bed instead of using a ground level spot in your garden. This would be particularly useful if space was a concerned for your garden.
This diagram depicts an efficient method of home vegetable gardening by making use of just 3x6 foot area for vegetables of your choice. Each square foot is divided off into the vegetables that would be most desirable to your taste. In the case of this diagram I have included the items I would most likely plant.
As can be seen I have repeated several of the vegetables because I wanted more than one tomato plant or pepper plant but you can make this work in anyway that suits your gardening desires. This can be other vegetables besides the ones shown here just determine from the seed packet or plant instructions how many would fit in a square foot of space. The garden shop where you may purchase the product could be of help if there is no other indication.
This plan illustrated here reveals basil(2)plants in two different square foot areas,(16) carrots,(1) broccoli,(1) eggplant,(2)kale,(6)leeks,(9)onions,(2)plants of pepper in two different squares,(2)potatoes,(16)radishes,(2)tomatoes in two different squares,(1)winter squash,(2)parsley,(2)cucumbers and (9)spinach.
This was all based on what could reasonably be consumed by two people over the course of the season. You could make your bed larger say 4x8 for a larger family or group just use your imagination and have all these vegetables taking up little or no space.
SELECT BELOW THE VEGETABLE(S) YOU ARE INTERESTED IN AND CLICK ON IT
Because of the need for enough space to provide good and complete information on each vegetable reviewed here,I have provided individual pages on each vegetable like was done with spring and summer bulbs. Just click on the Vegetable below for more information and it will return you to this page if you are interested in the facts on other vegetables.Growing AsparagusGrowing CarrotsGrowing BroccoliGrowing CucumbersGrowing mushroomsGrowing lettuceGrowing cabbageGrowing peppersGrowing Eggplantkohlrabi
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